Research Questions

Research Questions

Super Tentative, first draft.


  • Design of open learning environments for Indigenous learning


  • incommensurability between the ethos of technology (surveillance capitalism) and ethos of Indigenous communities and ways of knowing
    • indigenous communities already a small voice; how do we amplify indigenous voices? should we amplify indigenous voices?
  • aspirational narrative in Canada that open education is bent towards social justice
    • do we have evidence that this is actually happening?
  • Backlog of Indigenous students who need access to higher education as per TRC
  • Geographical and technological isolation prevents some Indigenous students from travelling to a central campus for f2f coursework.


  • to examine the suitability of using digital technologies and open education practices to respond to the TRC Calls to Action
  • to determine how open educators can respectfully invite Indigenous learners to engage with digital technologies and open education practices to increase access to high-quality learning environments


  • What role do non-Indigenous open educators have in responding to the TRC Calls to Action?
  • do OEP increase access to higher education for Indigenous learners
  • which multi-access learning models are preferred by remote students?
    • micro-campus (f2f logistics + centralized curriculum)
    • tier 1 - f2f, on campus, paced
    • tier 2 - synchronous, remote, paced
    • tier 3 - asynchronous, remote, paced
    • tier 4 - open , asynchronous, remote, self-paced


  • UN Millenium development goals open education - Nathan Lane
  • Weller on risks of open ed
  • veletsianos on faculty in the open
  • what ways can people who choose not to, or should not, be open on the internet, participate in the 'affordances' of open education?
    • giving back to community (reciprocity)
  • Open as:
    • participation
    • pedagogy
    • permission
    • platform
    • policy

Chapter 1 Indigenous Education